In today’s post we will discuss about VITAMINS AND MINERALS

Moreover, Modern science and discoveries in medicine and health have laid the foundation for human nutrition.

In fact, Nutrition is a study of nutrients in the food we eat and its relationship with health and disease.

Nutrients help living organisms to grow, survive, and reproduce. There are two types of nutrients:-

  1. Macronutrients (nutrients consumed in large amounts) e.g. carbohydrates, fats, proteins, etc.
  2. Micronutrients (nutrients consumed in small amounts) e.g. vitamins and dietary minerals.

Additionally, Vitamins and minerals both are micronutrients that play a vital role in maintaining the metabolic activity of the human body.



The word vitamin comes from the Latin word “vita” which means life and “amin” relate to the amino group.

Vitamins are the essential micronutrients that are required by the human body in small quantities and routinely for the proper functioning of the body. There are 13 essential vitamins.

They are either single molecule or group of related molecules called “vitamers.” Lack of vitamin results in vitamin deficiency and excess of it causes toxicity i.e. illness.

In the VITAMINS AND MINERALS they are mainly into two parts of Vitamins:

Fat-soluble vitamins

They are present in foods that contain fats and are absorbed in the body like dietary fats. They do not dissolve in water and as such remain stored in the body.

Similarly, Vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin D, and vitamin K are fat-soluble vitamins.

Water-soluble vitamins

These vitamins dissolve in water. They carry to the tissues of the human body but not stored in the body.

In fact, B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12) and vitamin C are water-soluble vitamins.


Minerals on the other hand are solid chemical elements that are naturally present in the rocks.

They are in compound form or as a single chemical element. The five major minerals required by the human body are:-

  1. Calcium
  2. Phosphorous
  3. Potassium
  4. Sodium
  5. Magnesium

Similarly, Other minerals required by the human body are called “trace elements.” They are:-

  1. Sulphur
  2. Iron
  3. Chlorine
  4. Cobalt
  5. Zinc
  6. Manganese
  7. Molybdenum
  8. Iodine
  9. Selenium

That’s it for today’s post which was VITAMINS AND MINERALS.

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: