What is Vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 is a pivotal B vitamin. It is a water-soluble vitamin enticed I’m the metabolism of every cell of the homo sapiens. It is beneficial to make Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), Power, Ribonucleic acid (RNA), Erythrocytes, and nerve cells healthy. Water-soluble vitamin means it can diffuse in water and travel via the bloodstream. It is the broadest vitamin as well as a complicated and perplexing vitamin. It is very salient for the genesis of Red Blood cells dearth of this leads to anemia and brain vandalization. Inadequate of this can cause “Pernicious anemia”. It is a blood disorder. Vitamin B12 is also called as ” cobalamin”. It is the Best Medical product for health.

Structure of Vitamin B12

Karl Folkers invented the structure of Vitamin B12. It is the complex of cobalt. In the center of the molecule, it is cobalt. It is surrounded by a corrin ring. It contains 4.35% cobalt, 63 carbon, 14 nitrogen, 1 cobalt atoms.


Source of Cobalamin:

Vitamin B12 is available mostly in animal materials. It is also available in fish, egg, milk, etc., It is usually not accessible in plants. Some fortified cereals are a rich source of this.

Foods that contain in vitamin B12 are:

⦁ Sardines: It is naturally enriched in it.
⦁ Beef Liver: Beef liver contains a good source of this. It also contains Vitamin E and Vitamin b6.
⦁ Cheese: Cheese contains a very good source of it. Swiss cheese contains more. (36%/ounce)
⦁ Coconut Milk: 2 cup of coconut milk contains a good amount of it.
⦁ Hibiscus Sabadariffer: Hibiscus Sabadariffer is good for neurological indications.
⦁ Cod: Atlantic Cod is a very excellent source of it.
⦁ Mutton: Mutton gives around 40% of RDI.
⦁ Almonds: Almonds give around 86% of DV in 1 cup.
⦁ Crab: Crab gives around 250% of vitamin B12 in 3 ounces of crab.
⦁ Yeast: Yeast contains 5 mg of vitamin B12 in one spoon.
⦁ Tuna: 3 ounces of canned tuna gives around 10.9% of vitamin.
⦁ Trout: Trout gives around 14% of vitamin B12.
⦁ Salmon: 27% of it is available in Salmon.

How Vitamin B12 works?

It boosts our energy, concentration, memory power. It reduces anxiety, depression. The deficiency can lead to anemia, brain damage, etc., So we have to take the right amount of this in our daily diet to maintain its balance. It is also known as cobalamin. This cobalamin needs a cofactor to work on our body. So, it takes from gastric cells. It belongs to the family of cobalt. Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble that is red. That red color was formed by cobalt.
The important gland which works for this is the salivary glands. Red meat contains a good source of cobalamin. It is eaten and travels through the stomach. While eating the red meat is already digested partially. The salivary glands create an important element for the absorption of vitamin B12 is indicated as Haptocorrin and it is also referring to transcobalamin 1. In our stomach, stomach secrets pepsinogen by the chief cells. It gets transformed into pepsin with the help of hydrochloric acid.
Hydrochloric acid is secreted with the aid of using the parietal cells. Hydrochloric acid and parietal cells together make the meat to digest and it releases cobalamin. It is a water-soluble, if we intake excess amount of this, it just urinates it. It is produced by Bacteria. Plants are not capable to produce Vitamin B12 as they don’t have it.

Benefits of Vitamin B12:

It is an essential vitamin. But it cannot be produced by our bodies. it should be taken from outside the body like taking pills, capsule, tablet, injection, etc. It helps to perform our nerve cells normally and it is required for the formation of red blood cells. It boosts our energy by giving more strength and power. It improves memory power and sharpens memory. It helps to prevent heart ailments.
B12 plays a key role in health during pregnancy. It is essential for the brain. The brain needs this to produce melatonin. It is the main Harmon which helps us to get proper sleep. B12 is responsible for memory, behavior, mood swings, cravings, etc.

Types of Vitamin B12:

There are 4 different types are:


It helps to treat nutritional diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, etc., It is used as a painkiller in neuropathy. The research said that it gives a good beneficial effect on neuropathy. It treats back pain. More than 70% of adults are experiencing back pain. It works as a pain killer.


It is a co-enzyme. It is natural and bioactive vitamin B12. It is made by our body converting it from methylcobalamin. it is a kick starter. Adenosylcobalamin is a mitochondrial form of B12.


It is a synthetic form of B12. It is not that advisable to take for patients. It’s very cheap B12. It has a process for patients to utilize it. It has to get converted into methylcobalamin and Adenosylcobalamin. It is a slightly difficult process. So, doctors won’t suggest it to their patients.


In hydroxocobalamin, the oxygen and hydrogen get hooked. It is prepared by bacteria. It is a natural vitamin B12. It is also not advisable for patients to intake by the doctors. Our body has to take away the hydroxyl group of cobalamins and replace it with the methyl group.

Vitamin B12 dosage:

Birth-6months = 0.4mcg
7-12months= 0.5mcg
1-3 years = 0.9 MCG
4-8 years = 1.2 MCG
9-12 years= 1.8 MCG
14-18years= 2.4 MCG
18+ = 2.4mcg
Pregnant ladies= 2.6 mcg
Breastfeeding women= 2.8mcg

Deficiency of vitamin B12:

It refers to the low level of vitamin B12 in the body. The deficiency of this is the cause of anemia. It helps in preventing megaloblastic anemia. The research said that deficiency of this can also lead to a major problem in pregnancy. So pregnant mothers should take good foods like a diary, mushroom, animal liver, etc.
*It can lead to a lot and a lot of problems like anemia, soreness of the tongue, neurological dysfunction.
*It causes pancreatic diseases which are exocrine pancreatic deficiency.
*It also causes Crohn’s deficiency, gastrin bypass, gastritis.
*It causes pernicious anemia.

What happens when we take an excessive amount of Vitamin B12?

*Vitamin B12 is water-soluble, so it’s generally considered safe, even at excessive doses.
*Our body observes what it is needed, excess doses are excreted through urine.
*High dose may cause dizziness.

Side effects of Vitamin B12:

*Overuse of this may lead to vascular events.
*It causes heart attack and a spectrum disorder.
*It also causes lung cancer in men.
*It may also affect the skin by causing acne.

This is the information about vitamin B12 so always take this from Best Medicine Supplier only.

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